نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشیار آب و هواشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکترای آب و هواشناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Dust is one of the most common climatic phenomena in arid and semi-arid regions of the world The phenomenon of dust is a natural occurrence and occurs in areas with vast areas of arid and desert areas, Lack vegetation and other surface coatings. Due to its presence in the arid and semi-arid belt of the world, Iran is constantly exposed to local and synoptic dust and dust systems. In recent years, the phenomenon of dust in the Middle East has been increasing, Because it is one of the five regions of the world that has the highest dust production . Long periods of drought and inappropriate interventions in nature can increase the likelihood of this phenomenon.
In recent years, the trend of dust events in the west and south of Iran, especially in the spring and summer, has increased dramatically .This phenomenon is affected by certain atmospheric conditions and its distribution can affect the temperature, temperature, precipitation and atmospheric circulation conditions of the area during the months of the year.
Materials and methods
In this study, data of 56 years old (during 1961-2016) precipitation, temperature and dust on daily scale from 30 synoptic stations in the west and southwest of Iran were obtained from the country's meteorological organization. In line with this study, MATLAB, ArcGIS and SURFER softwares have been used. In order to analyze the information, recognition of fluctuations and the relationship between dust, temperature and precipitation have been used.
Results and discussion
Recognition of fluctuations and the relationship between dust, temperature and precipitation are investigated using regression, spectral analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient. Then it is represented by trend maps, cycles, and correlation tables. The results for the West and Southwest of Iran have been obtained and explained in detail.
The study of the spatial distribution of the trend shows that most of the stations studied in the dust and rainfall have an increasing trend and have been in a decreasing trend temperature. Spectral analysis of dust, dry days, and temperature showed that short-cycle cycles in addition to the most frequent distribution, showed a higher probability of occurrence than long-term periods. In most of the stations studied, the correlation of dust with temperature and dry days has a positive and direct, relationship with the rainfall has a negative and inverse relationship. The local mororan analysis for the spatial autocorrelation of dust with dry days in the western, northwest, northern and parts of the east of the study area has shown a high value cluster pattern (positive spatial autocorrelation). The spatial autocorrelation of dust with precipitation in the northeastern, eastern, and small parts of the southeast and west of the study area has a high cluster pattern (positive spatial autocorrelation). The spatial autocorrelation of dust with temperature in the eastern, western, and small parts of the south of the range has a high cluster pattern (positive spatial autocorrelation).