عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the issue of development is a concern of many countries. And many local authorities around the world have already begun long-term development for the community and have perfected international best practices for comprehensive development planning and analysis. The central district of Jiroft township has been selected as the scope of the present study; Which in various fields affecting development, has a considerable distance from national and international standards; In terms of development indicators, it is one of the deprived areas of Iran and in this regard, it is a considerable distance from international standards. Different areas affecting poverty, lack of educational facilities, lack of infrastructure and infrastructure are some of the factors that have made it inevitable to address the issue of development in this region. Distribution of selected indicators in the sustainable development of rural areas in the central district of Jiroft.
Data and Method
In line with the purpose and the question; The nature of this research is descriptive-analytical and applied in terms of purpose and based on library studies. The statistical population of this research is the five rural districts of the central district of Jiroft township and the sample size has been omitted. Selected indicators have been collected through the statistical yearbook of the Statistics Center of Iran in 2016. It should be noted that in the first stage, about 80 indicators were selected and in the final selection process, considering the discussion of access to statistical and spatial data, the number of indicators was classified and adjusted to seven general indicators. After extracting the indicators, the weight of the indicators was obtained using the TOPSIS model. At this stage, the rank of rural areas in the central district of Jiroft township was obtained with emphasis on selected indicators; Then, for spatial analysis of the weights obtained from the Shannon entropy stage of the TOPSIS model, and in the next stage, spatial maps were drawn using cluster and non-cluster analysis.
Results and Discussion
Accordingly, the present study has extracted and studied seven development indicators according to the selected sub-indicators to measure the development of rural areas in the central district of Jiroft township. According to the distribution of the mentioned indicators; It can be concluded that the scope of research is very different from the standards of development and the indicators of development are not normal and balanced. On the other hand, measuring the development indicators of the research area shows; That the study area is not of equal value. The analysis of the findings shows that Halil village is developing in terms of sustainable development indicators. Esfahan, Islamabad, are in a semi-privileged state and Dolatabad and Khatunabad are in a deprived situation; This indicates an unfavorable situation and far from the desired standards of development at the global and national levels in the study area.
The results of this study on the level of development with the results of United Nations research (1991); Andriant (2001); Ghanbari et al. (2010); Aliaei and Azizi (1397); Mohammad Manan and Reisi (2015), which were mentioned in the background section of the research, are consistent. Accordingly, all of the above research confirms the lack of equitable distribution of services and facilities, as well as the lack of careful planning for regional development, regional inequality, and the lack of integrated development.
The analysis shows that Halil County is developing in terms of sustainable development indicators. Esfaandaghe, Islamabad, are in a semi-privileged state and Dolatabad and Khatunabad are in a deprived situation; This indicates an unfavourable situation and far from the desired standards of development at the global and national levels in the study area.
Also, in order to find regional inequalities and eliminate these inequalities, it is necessary to level the regions and regions in terms of development. By recognizing regional inequalities and ranking them at the district and regional level, better management of regions can be done and according to strategies such as creating planning areas at the provincial, city and district levels, implementing policies. And bottom-up programs Given that most decisions are made in Kerman province in Kerman city, such centralist policies should be reduced and special attention should be paid to the opportunities and limitations of each townships. These are some of the things that can help reduce inequality in the area under study.