عنوان مقاله [English]
For this purpose, data on the type, amount, and height of different cloud layers and daily precipitation of 36 synoptic stations located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea were received from the Meteorological Organization. MODIS images were used to investigate the relationship between precipitation and cloud microphysical parameters (CTT, CTH, COT, CER, CWP). ERA5 and NCEP/NCAR data were also used to identify synoptic patterns leading to cloud formation. Finally, HYSPLIT model and regression method were used to identify the path of moisture flow. The results of observational data showed that Caspian clouds were observed in the form of low Stratus clouds and middle clouds of Altocumulus type in the region. So that among the low clouds, the heights of 750 and 900 meters and among the middle clouds, the heights of 2700 meters had the highest frequency. The results of Caspian clouds rainfall showed that in most areas, 1 to 5 mm of precipitation has occurred. Correlation results showed that precipitation was positively correlated with CTH,COT, CER and CWP, and negatively correlated with CTT. Multivariate regression predicted 17% of precipitation by cloud parameters. The results of the study of synoptic maps showed that with the establishment of a 1012 hPa high pressure core in the north of the Caspian Sea, the north-south wind flow along with the transfer of sea moisture to the south shore of the Caspian Sea, ascending the air mass and the formation of clouds and limited rainfall in the region. Vertical profiles showed maximum specific humidity in the lower levels of the atmosphere (1000 to 900 hPa). The results of HYSPLIT model moisture flow path showed that the main source of regional moisture was the Caspian Sea.