عنوان مقاله [English]
Temporary housing is considered as one of the most common ways to provide housing for homeless people that providing shelter after disaster, immediately after providing emergency shelter and pre-reconstruction is forwarded. Although this method of was residence considered at a specific time period and it will lose its original function during the time, but the process of location is very important. The main goal of the paper is the location of temporary housing in region 16 of Tehran. The theoretical foundations of temporary housing and habitat were initially studied and then some 24 index for examining of temporary housing sites was identified. Significance coefficient of each the 24 indicators have been considered using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP), and then the overlapping layers data have been identified and the coefficients in the GIS software environment were applied. The results of findings show that among the indicators studied; five indicators including ownership, the time use of space as temporary housing, adjacence to the passageways and road networks, adjacence to gas networks and the present land use were the most important variables, and three indicators including adjacent to passageways and road networks boundary, being away from sound pollution and waste collection centers had the lowest importance in the process of selecting locations for habitation for homeless people. In addition, the Beesat and Farvardin parks have been identified as the most appropriate locations for establishing the temporary housing sites according to the method and the selected indicators.